Paris Agreement Definition English

The Paris Agreement is one of the most significant international agreements on climate change in recent years. It was adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2015, and went into effect on November 4, 2016. The agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

In English, the Paris Agreement can be defined as a global effort to combat climate change and its impacts on the environment and society. The agreement has several key components, including:

1. Mitigation: The Paris Agreement includes a commitment from countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit global warming. Each country determines its own target, and the agreement encourages countries to increase their targets over time.

2. Adaptation: The agreement acknowledges the need for countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change, such as sea level rise, droughts, and extreme weather events.

3. Finance: The Paris Agreement established a finance mechanism to help developing countries transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Developed countries are expected to provide financial support to developing countries to help them achieve their climate goals.

4. Transparency: The agreement requires countries to regularly report on their emissions and progress towards their climate targets. This transparency is important for ensuring that countries are held accountable for their commitments.

The Paris Agreement has been widely hailed as a major step forward in the fight against climate change. However, it is not without its critics. Some argue that the targets set by the agreement are not ambitious enough to prevent dangerous levels of warming, while others question the effectiveness of the finance mechanism.

Regardless of these criticisms, the Paris Agreement represents a significant effort by the international community to address one of the most pressing challenges of our time. As individuals and communities, we can all play a role in supporting the goals of the agreement by reducing our own carbon footprints and advocating for action on climate change.

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